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What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a person suffers damage to the brain that results in the loss of motor skills or nerve function. In most cases, a person sustains a TBI when the momentum of the brain causes it to come into contact with the skull as a result of a sudden stop, shaking, or other type of trauma, usually with a foreign object. A driver can sustain a TBI when she is involved in a car accident and strikes the windshield or dashboard with her head. Similarly, an athlete who strikes his head on the floor during a basketball game may suffer a TBI.

Since your brain controls essential functions such as emotions, senses, movement, and breathing, a TBI is no laughing matter. The nature and intensity of the symptoms will depend upon the type and severity of the brain injury sustained. However, even a minor TBI can have lifelong effects on an individual. A mild brain injury, or a concussion, may not require medical treatment. However, it can still have serious consequences that may appear days, weeks, or even months following the incident that led to the concussion. A moderate brain injury seriously affects mental skills such as speech and learning. A severe brain injury can lead to paralysis and even death, depending on the type of TBI sustained.

TBIs occur either as closed or penetrating head injuries. A closed head injury happens when there is a blow to the head that may fracture the skull, cause contusions or bruising at the point of impact, create blood clots or hematomas, result in lacerations to the brain, and cause nerve damage. With a penetrating head injury, a foreign object actually enters the brain and causes damage to that specific part of the brain.

In far too many cases, drivers and their passengers receive serious injuries from car accidents, which can include traumatic brain injuries. In this situation, you need the advice of an experienced personal injury attorney who can help guide you through the personal injury claims process. The Madison personal injury attorneys of Boller & Vaughan handle personal injury cases on a daily basis, and we know what it takes to get the compensation that you need. Take the first step and call our office today to set up your free consultation with one of our Wisconsin auto accident lawyers.